我的2015年歐洲十大最佳村莊揭曉
My Top 10 European Villages of 2015 Revealed
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歐洲,也許比任何其他大陸都多,以其風景如畫的古老村莊而聞名。實際上,有如此之多,我們可以輕鬆地在每個國家的十大村莊中做一個旅行專欄!

但是,現在,這是我2015年歐洲十大鄉村精選...

#10-奧地利因斯布魯克-這裡仍然是中世紀...一個令人愉快,充滿幻想的中世紀時代,洋蔥圓頂和綠色屋頂,柔和的建築物,山牆和尖頂以及獨特的MittelEuropa建築和氛圍。這座神奇的村莊位於阿爾卑斯山中部,周圍是巨大的山峰,上面覆蓋著雪山(在冬天,底部也是如此!),這也沒有傷害。該鎮是您四處逛逛的歡樂之地,還可以品嚐奧地利餡奶酪卷,當然也可以品嚐餡奶酪捲和威納炸肉排。在冬季運動方面,因斯布魯克沒有人坐倒。實際上,該鎮曾舉辦1964年和1976年的冬季奧運會。

#9-愛爾蘭科恩塞爾縣金塞爾市-在過去的十年中,以乾土豆和油膩的培根聞名的愛爾蘭烹飪已成為美食界的重量級人物。在愛爾蘭崎的大西洋沿岸的金塞爾(Kinsale)鎮,沒有哪個地方比這更真實。實際上,金塞爾(Kinsale)在某些地方被稱為“愛爾蘭美食之都”。它充滿傳奇和傳說,也是愛爾蘭最美麗的城鎮之一。但是這裡的食物(和飲料)是國王!本地產品,肉類和奶製品是規則,而不是例外。這也是墨菲啤酒廠的故鄉,在許多愛爾蘭人眼中僅次於吉尼斯,還有詹姆森遺產中心。嘗試Clonakilty黑布丁,諸如Ardagh Castle之類的當地奶酪,以及Fishy Fishy Restaurant的新鮮魚,它們早一兩個小時就被捕獲了。並在Nelly姨媽的甜品店將其封頂!

#8-英國AMBLESIDE-這個小村莊的名字得名...因為它是在周圍閒逛的好地方。它坐落在英格蘭美麗的湖區內,靠近國家歷史地標之一-哈德良長城(Hadrian's Wall),這是羅馬時代遺留下來的遺物,蜿蜒穿過小山,山谷,草地和山脈。該鎮也坐落在英格蘭最大的天然湖溫德米爾湖上。它是一個集鎮,一個歷史愛好者鎮,一個步行鎮和一個購物者鎮。這座建於17世紀的橋樓是英國最小的房屋之一。安布賽德博物館(Ambleside Museum)是比阿特麗克斯·波特(Peter Rabbit)的許多財產的故鄉。從安布賽德(Ambleside)出發,到山上只是一個簡短的“序幕”。

#7-捷克克魯斯洛夫-捷克克魯姆洛夫-捷克克魯姆洛夫擁有歐洲最著名的古鎮之一,擁有一座城堡-該國第二大城堡-以及300餘座中世紀建築。在這裡,鵝卵石街道蜿蜒穿過狹窄的小巷,那裡不斷變化的捷克生活全景展現了遠古時代。這座城堡自1200年代中期開始就存在,小鎮最終開始在它周圍成長。克魯姆洛夫(Cesky Krumlov)可能是一個小鎮,但它擁有充滿活力的文化生活,擁有博物館,美術館,花園和具有地標性的巴洛克式城堡(Castle Baroque Theatre),已有400多年的歷史了。不過,我最喜歡去的地方之一是“文化”設施少一些的-Eggenberg Brewery,已經生產了四個世紀的優質啤酒。周圍的山丘充滿了休閒和觀光的選擇,伏爾塔瓦河河也是如此。而且,如果您爬上城堡的塔樓,將獲得壯麗的景色。

#6-意大利多比亞科-我愛高山。這就是我一直被意大利陡峭,尖峰,壯觀的白雲巖吸引的原因之一。尤其是在冬天,當它們充滿一種我仍然無法描述的超凡脫俗的色彩時。多比亞科被稱為“通往白雲巖的大門”。它也是通往偉大的冬季運動(以及諸如遠足和山地自行車之類的夏季運動)的大門……如果這裡沒有您不能做的事,我還沒有找到。每年的任何時候,該村莊都被歐洲一些最迷人的全景所包圍,而漫步在其中則帶來了甜蜜的寂靜。在白雲巖中,您可能會聽到最多的聲音是青翠的田野中搖鈴的叮噹聲。

#5-瑞士的萊茵河畔施泰因-康斯坦茨湖再次成為萊茵河的地方,您會發現瑞士施泰因河畔的迷人村莊。霍亨克林根城堡(Hohenklingen Castle)自1225年以來一直從其崇高的高度監視著這個村莊。萊茵河畔的斯坦因其老城區而聞名,擁有鮮豔的外牆和半木結構的房屋。它也是著名的聖喬治修道院,它是中世紀保存最完好的修道院之一。 Lindwurm博物館,帶您穿越時空;和附近的風景名勝島群。附近是萊茵瀑布,這是歐洲最大的平面瀑布。而且,當然,由於您可能正在遊覽歐洲最大的河流,因此乘船遊覽是欣賞鄉村和周圍鄉村的絕妙方式。在所有漫遊之後,我喜歡在Adler酒店的餐廳大飽口福,這裡提供瑞士特色菜,例如流行的土豆rosti。一種叫ZürcherGeschnetzeltes的美味肉類菜餚(比說起來容易吃!);或半乾香腸。

#4-蘇格蘭因弗內斯-實際上,因弗內斯實際上實際上是一個小城市/大城鎮,而不是鄉村。但是我不在乎。當您站在城鎮中心,環顧四周的群山(其中一些山脈被雲層的陰影熏黑)時,風笛的聲音在它們之間迴盪,因弗內斯仍然非常像以前的小村莊。多少個城鎮-大或小-可以說他們實際上有一個怪物?因弗內斯(Inverness)座落在尼斯河(River Ness)上,因其莊嚴的城堡而聞名,因弗內斯(Inverness)的老城區(至少建於5世紀左右)充滿了歷史建築。河邊到處都是咖啡館和餐館。卡洛登(Culloden)就在鎮外,該鎮是蘇格蘭歷史上最著名的戰斗地點。而且不要忘記尼斯湖水怪……您可以在當地湖泊巡遊公司提供的“怪物巡遊”之一中尋找他。

#3-挪威奧勒松-如果您正在尋找一個有山牆房屋和彩色屋頂的薑餅小鎮-在壯麗的北歐背景下-您來對地方了。奧勒松(Alesund)在冰藍色的挪威海中,四周是濃密的綠色峽灣和從周圍海洋伸出的玻璃山。您可能會猜到,這是一個自然的仙境,當地人花費大量時間在其中滑雪,滑雪橇,滑冰,攀登,皮划艇,遠足和騎自行車。要欣賞這個新藝術風格小鎮的特寫鏡頭,請乘坐“小鎮火車”。要欣賞全景以及周圍的Sunnmore阿爾卑斯山的全景,請前往Aksla觀景台。但是,奧勒松(Alesund)儘管具有自然風光,但最好是在商店和廣場周圍走走,並隨身攜帶烹飪用具來進行採樣。

#2-瑞士瓜達市-瓜達區坐落在恩加丁山谷,與歐洲一樣美麗。這裡的房屋本身就是一個風景秀麗的奇觀,擁有17世紀初的精美外牆。當地居民也仍然以傳統方式尊重傳統習俗,例如通過敲響大鈴鐺趕走冬天。 (當您在鎮上茂密的牧場上徘徊時,您還可以聽到無處不在的牛鈴鐺。)您不必走很遠就能找到絕佳的戶外休閒場所。該鎮海拔5400英尺,整潔的遠足小徑從村莊通向風景秀麗的鄉村。此外,瑞士國家公園的巨大山脈也在附近。至於冬季運動...嘿,這是瑞士!那裡有很多良好的滑雪道(下坡和越野滑雪),滑冰,冰壺和馬拉坐馬車。而且,再說說美食,這就是瑞士!嘗試餐廳Romantica Val Tuoi,享受美味佳餚和親密氛圍。

現在,我選擇了我在歐洲的頂級村莊。你同意嗎...?

#1-法國SEMUR-EN-AUXOIS-靠近時,看到這座古老的城市坐落在山丘上,您就會知道自己想要一些特別的東西。 Semur-En-Auxois是勃艮第鬱鬱蔥蔥的農田和葡萄園中充滿活力的中世紀幻想。當您接近時,感覺就像是回到了時光倒流的世紀機器上。尖頂和塔樓,塔樓和城堡城牆以及帶有鳶尾花的飛行橫幅和帶有watch望塔的巨大石門將您包裹住。聞起來也有……巧克力的味道(這部電影是“巧克力”的電影在這裡拍攝),新鮮出爐的麵包和牛角包,十幾個人行道咖啡館和法式蛋糕的味道,以及房屋前數十個敞開的窗戶的味道。很快,您會發現自己走在鵝卵石人行道上,沿著狹窄而蜿蜒的小巷冒險,帶來了驚喜(還有更多香氣)。這個古老的城鎮建在花崗岩山丘上,每個山丘都帶來新的驚喜。這是品嚐勃艮第省葡萄酒的絕佳去處。

那是我在歐洲村莊中的前十名。你有什麼?我們很樂意聽取您的意見!


Europe, perhaps more than any other continent, is known for its picturesque old villages. There are so many, in fact, that we could easily do a travel column on the Top 10 villages in each country!
 
But, for now, here are my Top 10 European village picks for 2015...
 
#10 - INNSBRUCK, AUSTRIA - Here, it's still the Middle Ages...a delightful, fantasy-filled Middle Ages, with onion domes and green roofs and pastel buildings and gables and spires and that distinctive MittelEuropa architecture and ambience. It doesn't hurt, either, that this magical village is in the middle of the Alps, surrounded by enormous peaks with snow-capped tops (and in winter, bottoms, too!). The town is a joy in which to walk around, and to sample Austrian favorites such as strudel, of course, and weiner schnitzel. And when it comes to winter sports, Innsbruck takes a back seat to no one; in fact, the town hosted both the 1964 and the 1976 Winter Olympics. 
 
#9 - KINSALE, COUNTY CORK, IRELAND - Irish cooking, for ages known for dry potatoes and greasy bacon, has become a heavyweight in the foodie scene over the past decade. And nowhere is this truer than in the town of Kinsale, on Ireland's craggy Atlantic Coast. In fact, Kinsale is known in some quarters as the "Gourmet Capital of Ireland." Steeped in legend and lore, it's also one of Ireland's prettiest towns. But food (and drink) is king here! Local produce and meat and dairy are the rule rather than the exception. This is also the home of Murphy's Brewery, second only to Guinness in the eyes of many Irishmen, as well as the Jameson Heritage Centre. Try Clonakilty black pudding, local cheeses like Ardagh Castle, and the fresh fish at Fishy Fishy Restaurant, caught just an hour or two earlier. And top it all off at Auntie Nelly's Sweet Shop!
 
#8 - AMBLESIDE, ENGLAND - This little village is appropriately-named...because it's a great place to "amble" around. Sitting inside England's beautiful Lake District, it's also near one of the nation's historic landmarks - Hadrian's Wall, a leftover from Roman times that meanders through hill and dale and meadow and mountain. The town sits, as well, on Lake Windermere, largest natural lake in England. It's a market town, a history buff's town, a walking town, and a shopper's town. The Bridge House, built in the 17th Century, is one of the smallest houses in Britain. And the Ambleside Museum is home to many of Beatrix Potter's (author of Peter Rabbit) possessions. And from Ambleside, it's just a short "amble" into the mountains.
 
#7 - CESKY KRUMLOV, CZECH REPUBLIC - Český Krumlov boasts one of the most famous Old Towns in Europe, with a castle - second largest in the country - and over 300 Medieval buildings. Here, cobblestone streets wind past narrow alleys where an ever-changing panorama of Czech life has unfolded for time immemorial. The castle has been around since the mid-1200's, and the town eventually began to grow up around it. Cesky Krumlov may be a small town, but it has a vibrant cultural life, with museums, galleries, gardens, and the landmark Castle Baroque Theatre, more than 400 years old. One of my favorite places to visit here, though, is somewhat less "cultural" - the Eggenberg Brewery , which has been producing great beers for four centuries. The surrounding hills are full of recreation and sightseeing options, as is the Vltava River. And if you make the climb up the tower in the castle, you'll be rewarded with spectacular views.  
 
#6 - DOBBIACO, ITALY - I love mountains. Which is one of the reasons I'm always attracted to the steep, spikey, spectacular Dolomites in Italy. Especially in winter, when they're tinged with an other-worldly color that I still can't describe. Dobbiaco is known as "The Door to the Dolomites." It's also a door to great winter sports (and summer ones such as hiking and mountain-biking)...and if there's one you can't do here, I haven't found it yet. The village is surrounded by some of the most stunning panoramas in Europe - any time of year - and the sweet silence afforded by walking in them. In the Dolomites, the sound you may hear most is the clanging of cow bells in the verdant fields.
 
#5 - STEIN AM RHEIN, SWITZERLAND - Where Lake Constance again becomes the Rhine River, you'll find the charming Swiss village of Stein am Rhein. Keeping watch on this village from its lofty heights - as it has since 1225 - is Hohenklingen Castle. Stein am Rhein is famous for its Old Town, with brightly-painted facades and half-timbered houses. It's famous, too, for the Monastery of St. Georgen, one of the best-preserved of the Medieval period; the Lindwurm Museum, which takes you on a trip through time; and the nearby scenic island group of Werd. Nearby is the Rhine Falls, largest plane waterfall in Europe. And, of course, since you're on perhaps Europe's greatest river, boat cruises are a wonderful way to see both the village and the surrounding countryside. After all the roaming around, I like to feast at the restaurant in the Hotel Adler, serving Swiss specialties like rosti, a popular potato dish; a delicious meat dish called Zürcher Geschnetzeltes (easier to eat than it is to pronounce!); or landjager, a semi-dried sausage.
 
#4 - INVERNESS, SCOTLAND - In truth, Inverness is now actually more of a small city/big town than it is a village. But I don't care. When you stand in the middle of town and look around at the surrounding mountains (some of them darkened by shadows from clouds), the sounds of bagpipes reverberating from them, Inverness still feels very much like the little village it once was. And how many towns - big or little - can say they actually have a monster? Sitting astride the River Ness, its profile topped by its stately castle, Inverness has an Old Town (which has been around since at least the 5th Century) section filled with historic buildings.  The riverside is lined with cafes and restaurants. Just outside of town is Culloden, site of the most famous battle in Scottish history. And don't forget the Loch Ness monster...you can look for him on one of the "Monster Cruises" given by local lake-cruising companies.
 
#3 - ALESUND, NORWAY - If you're looking for a gingerbread town with gabled houses and multi-colored roofs - set against a magnificent Nordic backdrop - you've come to the right place. Alesund is on the ice-blue Norwegian Sea, surrounded by dense-green fjords and glassy mountains protruding from the ocean around it. As you might guess, it's a natural wonderland, and the locals spend a lot of their time skiing, sledding, skating, climbing, kayaking, hiking, and biking in it. For a close-up view of this Art Nouveau town, take a ride on the "Town Train." For a panoramic view of it, as well as the surrounding Sunnmore Alps, go up to the Aksla Viewpoint. But Alesund, for all its natural beauty, is best sampled by just walking around the shops and plaza, and sampling the culinary wares as you go.
 
#2 - GUARDA, SWITZERLAND - Situated in the Engadine Valley, Guarda is as beautiful a village as there is in Europe. The houses here are a scenic wonder in themselves, with beautifully-painted facades from the early-17th Century. Local residents still honor the traditional ways, too, with customs such as chasing away winter by ringing large cowbells. (You can also hear the ubiquitous cowbells as you wander the lush pastures around the town.) You don't have to go far to find great outdoor recreation. The town is located at an altitude of 5,400 feet, and well-groomed hiking paths lead from the village into the scenic countryside. In addition, the huge mountains of the Swiss National Park are nearby. As for winter sports...hey, this is Switzerland! There's plenty of good skiing (both downhill and cross-country), ice skating, curling, and horse-drawn carriage rides. And, as for cuisine...again, this is Switzerland! Try the Restaurant Romantica Val Tuoi for good food and intimate ambience.
 
And now, my choice for my top village in Europe. Do you agree...?
 
#1 - SEMUR-EN-AUXOIS, FRANCE - As you get closer, and see this ancient city sitting on a hill, you know you're in for something special. Semur-En-Auxois is a Medieval fantasy come alive, amidst the lush farmlands and vineyards of Burgundy. As you approach, it feels like you're hurtling back in a time-machine toward a long-ago century. Spires and turrets and towers and castle ramparts and flying banners with the fleur de lis and huge stone gates with watchtowers envelop you. And so do smells...of chocolate (the movie "Chocolat" was filmed around here) and freshly baked breads and croissants, of a dozen sidewalk cafes and patisseries, and of scores of open windows in front of the houses. Soon you find yourself walking on cobblestone sidewalks, and venturing down narrow, winding alleys with wonderful surprises (and more aromas). This ancient town was built on granite hills...and each hill brings new surprises. And it's a wonderful place to sample the wines of Burgundy Province.
 
That's my Top 10 in European villages. Do you have any? We'd love to hear from you!
 
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