亞洲智慧城市試圖在技術與公民需求之間取得平衡
Asian Smart Cities Trying to Balance Technology with Citizen Needs
原文 譯文

由谷歌翻譯提供技術支持


根據全球房地產顧問仲量聯行(JLL)的最新研究,如果亞太地區的智慧城市計劃如果專注於提供前沿技術而又未充分關注市民的需求和經驗,那麼它們將無法發揮其潛力。

該報告認為,隨著房地產行業追趕技術發展,它可以彌合智慧城市解決方案與人們工作,生活和娛樂的物理空間之間的鴻溝。

它匯集了來自30位來自技術,房地產和政府部門的專家的見解,揭示了亞太地區乃至全球日益增長的智慧城市所面臨的挑戰。該研究還強調了以人為本的智慧城市發展方法的機會,該方法可促進包容性,效率,可持續性和透明度。

“城市正在釋放諸如物聯網和人工智能之類的技術,以解決一些城市化的緊迫問題-無論是交通,廢物處理還是公共安全。這有可能改變我們的生活和工作方式,以及我們如何與城市中的建築物和基礎設施進行交互。這些創新在亞太城市人口迅速增長的亞太地區尤其具有希望。”仲量聯行全球研究總監傑里米·凱利說。

亞洲智慧城市推

中國有500多個智慧城市正在建設中,印度政府已製定了在2017年至2022年之間發展100個智慧城市的五年計劃。新加坡正在推進其智慧國家願景,該願景於2014年和2018年啟動,一個價值2300萬澳元的東盟-澳大利亞投資基金宣布支持東南亞的智慧城市。

但是,儘管全世界已經宣布了1000多個智慧城市計劃,但只有15個計劃制定了包括詳細目標的綜合戰略。其中,只有八個提供了準備實施的具體計劃。該報告研究了為什麼這麼多智慧城市項目起步緩慢的原因。

官僚主義是關鍵的絆腳石。鑑於城市規模大而復雜,只有在政府願意進行試驗並願意投入時間和資源以吸取教訓的前提下,智慧城市計劃才能成功。

“為了實現智慧城市的承諾,我們必須開始更少地關注技術,而更多地關注如何使用它來改善人們的生活。我們相信,房地產可以成為城市生命線和城市居民之間的聯繫者。越來越多的數字基礎設施為我們的城市環境提供動力。房地產行業應加強發展。”凱利先生補充道。

儘管通常被視為技術落後者,但隨著proptech的快速增長或財產與技術的融合,房地產行業正接近一個臨界點。在智慧城市技術的推動下,proptech為城市發展問題提供了切實可行的近期解決方案,從而提高了城市的可持續性,決策能力和透明度。仲量聯行的報告指出了proptech可以產生這種影響的幾個領域。從施工階段到設施管理,proptech都帶來了切實的收益,包括提高了建築用人的效率並為投資者帶來了更高的價值。

“我們的研究表明,房地產是智慧城市未來的關鍵要素,我們的客戶正在詢問我們如何確保他們所居住或投資的建築物能夠為未來做好準備,”亞太區負責人Megan Walters博士說。研究,仲量聯行。 “我們相信,通過創建將技術與人類經驗相結合的區域,它們將為居住者提供更有效的運營,並且由於運營成本降低和收益率提高,可以為投資者帶來溢價。”



According to new research by global real estate consultant JLL, smart city initiatives in Asia Pacific will not reach their potential if they focus on delivering cutting-edge technologies without paying enough attention to the needs and experiences of citizens.

The report contends that as the real estate industry catches up in technology, it could bridge the gap between smart city solutions and the physical spaces where people work, live, and play.

Collating insights from 30 experts from technology, real estate and government, it reveals the challenges that face the growing number of smart cities in Asia Pacific and around the world. The research also highlights the opportunity for a more human-centric approach to smart city development, which promotes inclusiveness, efficiency, sustainability and transparency.

"Cities are unleashing technologies such as the Internet of Things and Artificial Intelligence to solve some of the pressing problems of urbanization - whether it's traffic or waste disposal or public safety. This has the potential to change the way we live and work, as well as how we interact with the buildings and infrastructure in our cities. These innovations hold particular promise in Asia Pacific where city populations are growing rapidly," says Jeremy Kelly, Director of Global Research, JLL.

Asia's smart cities push

China has more than 500 smart cities in the pipeline while the Indian government has a five-year plan for the development of 100 smart cities between 2017 and 2022. Singapore is progressing its Smart Nation vision, which was launched in 2014, and in 2018, a $23 million ASEAN-Australian investment fund was announced to support smart cities in Southeast Asia.

However, while more than 1,000 smart city initiatives have been announced around the world, only 15 have a comprehensive strategy that includes detailed targets. Of these, only eight offer concrete plans ready for implementation. The report examines the reasons why so many smart city projects have been slow to take off.

Bureaucracy is one key stumbling block. Given that cities are large and complex, smart city initiatives can succeed only if governments are open to experimentation and willing to invest time and resources in learning from missteps.

"To fulfill the promise of smart cities, we must start focusing less on the technology and more on how to use it to make lives better for people. We believe real estate can be a connector between the people who are the lifeblood of cities and the digital infrastructure that is increasingly powering our urban environments. It's time for the real estate industry to step up," adds Mr. Kelly.

While often viewed as a technology laggard, the real estate industry is now approaching a tipping point with the rapid growth of proptech, or the convergence of property and technology. Spurred by the momentum of smart city technologies, proptech offers tangible, near-term solutions to urban development problems, improving cities' sustainability, decision-making capabilities and transparency. The JLL report identifies several areas where proptech can make such impact. From the construction phase to facility management, proptech brings tangible benefits in the form of improved efficiency for building occupiers and enhanced value for investors.

"Our research shows that real estate is a crucial element in the future of smart cities and our clients are asking us how they can ensure the buildings they occupy or invest in are future-ready," says Dr. Megan Walters, Head of Asia Pacific Research, JLL. "We believe that by creating precincts that combine technology and human experience, they will operate more efficiently for occupiers, and can deliver a premium for investors due to lower operating costs and better yields."


分享:

熱門閱讀

海外房產 新聞

亞洲
北美
歐洲
大洋洲
南美洲